Conference announcement: The Carnation Revolution between African Anti-colonialism and European Rebellion, London, 22-23 May

The Carnation Revolution between African Anti-colonialism and European Rebellion

22nd-23rd May, 2014

School of Arts

Birkbeck, University of London

Room B04, 43 Gordon Square

Forty years on, the 1974-75 revolutionary process in Portugal has become the object of historical interest, after decades of being caught between the poles of celebration and controversy. The commemoration of the Revolution’s fortieth anniversary in 2014 may, in this sense, represent an important landmark in the historical studies of an extremely complex event, with direct roots in the African anti-colonial struggles, close affinities with other European processes of social rebellion, and mobilising many different political ideologies and activists both in Portugal and abroad.

In the last two decades several scholarly works have moved debate about the Revolution on from the memories of those directly involved and into new lines of inquiry, particularly through political history and comparative political science.

However, the shift from protagonists to professional historians and other academics has often meant a circumscription of the object of study exclusively to its institutional and military aspects. More recently, research on the Revolution has started exploring new questions, and connecting it to broader processes, establishing stronger international links (particularly in relation to African anticolonialism) and focusing on the everyday of the revolutionary process, its ideas and practices. In this context, this conference will be an opportunity to interrogate the already existing state of the art on the 1974-75 revolutionary process, while simultaneously opening new perspectives on the topic.

This Conference will address the intense social mobilisation and international forms of activism triggered by the Portuguese Revolution, including the event’s wider linkages to the radical moment of the long 1960s, the cold war, African anti-Imperialism, and the memory of Revolution in the twentieth-century at large.

Attendance at the conference is free but advance booking is necessary, please follow this link


Ros Gray (Goldsmiths, University of London)

Rui Lopes (IHC, UNL; LSE Ideas)

José Neves (IHC, UNL)

Ricardo Noronha (IHC, UNL)

Pedro Ramos Pinto (Cambridge University)

Luís Trindade (Birkbeck, University of London)

Keynote speakers:

Hilary Owen (University of Manchester)

Odd Arne Westadt (London School of Economics)





“Last Hopes: the Portuguese Revolution and the crisis of the left in the 1970s”, Pedro Ramos Pinto (University of Cambridge)

“The Portuguese Revolution and the European Left: Between Eurocommunism and Eurosocialism”, Michele Di Donato (London School of Economics)

“The German Democratic Republic and the Carnation Revolution”, Thomas Weißmann (Technische Universität Chemnitz)


“The Embassy”, film screening with Filipa César


Coffee break



Prof. Odd Arne Westad (LSE)

“The Portuguese Revolution and Global Change in the 1970s”


Lunch break


Performance: Joana Craveiro

“Invisible Archives of Portuguese Dictatorship and Revolution”



“The struggle for national liberation in Guinea-Bissau and the revolution in Portugal”, John Woollacott (Independent Scholar)

“The memory of the liberation/colonial war in Guinea-Bissau”, Catarina Laranjeiro (CES, Universidade de Coimbra)

“‘The Ultimate Test:’ The Portuguese Revolution and the Road to Independence in the Portuguese Colonies.”, Natalia Telepneva (London School of Economics)


Coffee break


Lunch break



Prof. Hilary Owen (University of Manchester)

“‘As Armas e os Varões Assimilados’ – Feminism and Revolution beyond the ‘Three Marias’”


Coffee break



“Women and Revolution in Portugal: Structure, Strategy, and Ideology”, Daniela F. Melo (University of Connecticut)

“Portuguese media coverage of affective and sexual intimacy between 1968 and 1978”, Isabel Freire (Instituto de Ciências Sociais, Universidade de Lisboa)

“Domestic materiality, daily routines and the practice of the Revolution”, Marta Vilar Rosales (Instituto de Ciências Sociais, Universidade de Lisboa)

“From trauma to retrieval: human resources managers and the revolution”, José Nuno Matos (Instituto de Ciências Sociais, Universidade de Lisboa)




“‘The State of Things’: Histories, Images and Sounds of the Carnation Revolution, Anticolonial Struggle and Post-Independence Nation Building in Contemporary Art”, Ana Balona de Oliveira (CEC, Universidade de Lisboa, IHA, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Courtauld, University of London)

“The Grin Without a Cat: Revolution, Film, Memory and Contradiction”, Érica Valente (Birkbeck, University of London)

“Manta Banter – the openings of Portugal in the aftermath of the 1974 revolution”, Francisco Sousa Lobo (Goldsmiths, University of London)

“Class Suicide: Becoming Revolutionary on Film”, Ros Gray (Goldsmiths, University of London)



“Student mobilization and political radicalization at the end of the Portuguese Estado Novo. The role of the opposition to the colonial war”, Guya Accornero (Universidade de Lisboa)

“The strike wave in 1969 and its impact on the Carnation Revolution”, Jörg Nowak (Tata Institute for Social Sciences, Mumbai)

“‘A real state of exception’: class composition and social conflict during the Portuguese Revolution (1974-75)”, Ricardo Noronha (Instituto de História Contemporânea, Universidade Nova de Lisboa)

“From the list of demands to occupation: labor movement in the Portuguese revolution (1974-75)”, Miguel Pérez (Instituto de História Contemporânea, Universidade Nova de Lisboa)


Coffee break



“Did they make a difference? Exile networks in the last years of Portugal’s ‘New State’”, Pedro Aires Oliveira (Universidade Nova de Lisboa)

“The Carnation Revolution and the rhetoric of the cold war on the Italian press”, Marco Gomes (University of Coimbra)

“The revolution one can go by car”, Rita Luís (Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona)

“French Peregrination on the Revolutionary Process in Course”, Victor Pereira (Université de Pau)


Performance: Joana Craveiro

“When did the Revolution End?”

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